What is Partnership Accounting?


One of the most strategically important activities that a company must perform is accounting. This is an effort to collect, classify, analyze, verify, calculate, interpret and present financial information. These are business organizations formed by a group of partners. In this type of accounting, the specific account of each partner in a company is tracked. Factors such as distributions, investments as well as shares in profit or loss are analyzed. Partnerships are commonly observed in the industries of personal services.

financial statements

The profits and losses are distributed among the partners in an agreed ratio. In the case of a partnership, certain adjustments like interest on drawings, interest on capital, salary to partners, and commission to partners are required to be made. For this purpose, it’s customary to organize a Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of the firm and ascertain the ultimate figure of profit and loss to be distributed among the partners, in their share ratio. A Limited Liability Partnership is a form of partnership where all or some of the partners have liability limited to their capital contribution. No personal property of such partners can be used for paying off the liabilities of the firm.

Treatment of Goodwill in Partnership

Aside from the general partnership accounting, there are several partnerships that have legal requirements in order to organize. General partner is a part-owner of a business who shares in its management and is often a specialized professional as well as being an investor. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where listings appear. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace. Partnerships are often best for a group of professionals in the same line of work where each partner has an active role in running the business.

Any gain or loss resulting from the transaction is a personal gain or loss of the withdrawing partner and not of the business. This difference is divided between the remaining partners on the basis stated in the partnership agreement. Assume that Partner A and Partner B have 50% interest each, and they agreed to admit Partner C and give him an equal share of ownership. Each of the three partners will have 33.3% interest in the partnership. Interests of Partner A and Partner B will be reduced from 50% each to 33.3% each. In effect, each of the two partners sold 16.7% of his equity to Partner C.


According to the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles , every partnership company needs to issue a document known as a Schedule K-1 to each partner in the firm. It contains details on the profit or loss that is allocated to each partner in a partnership accounting format. As such, the recipients can use this document while filing their income tax reports.

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There are, however, differences in the laws governing them in each jurisdiction. Creating a partnership allows the partners to benefit from one another’s labor, time, and expertise. Moreover, a shrewd partner can also provide additional perspectives and insights that can help the business grow. There may be tax benefits to a partnership compared to a corporation.

thought on “Partnership Account”

At year-end, each partner receives a Schedule K-1 detailing, among other things, the portion of earnings related to his stake. The final accounts of a partnership firm are prepared within the same way as those prepared for a sole trading concern with only one difference which relates to the distribution of profit among the partners. After preparing the Trading and Profit and Loss Account, internet profit or net loss is transferred to an account called Profit and Loss Appropriation Account as discussed. When the entire amount withdrawn is given but the dates of withdrawals aren’t specified, it’s assumed that the quantity was withdrawn evenly throughout the year. For example; Shakila withdrew Rs. 60,000 from partnership firm during the year ending March 31, 2015, and therefore the interest on drawings is to be charged at the speed of 8 per cent once a year. For calculation of interest, the amount would be taken as six months, which is that the average period assuming, that quantity is withdrawn evenly within the middle of the month, throughout the year.